Hammertoes occurs when the tendons and ligaments around the toes become contracted and the toes take on a “claw-like” appearance. The problem is aggravated when the toes come in contact with the top of a shoe causing “corns” to form on the tops of the toes. In severe cases, a callus can also form at the end of one or more toes. 

Causes of Hammertoe

  • Shoes that are too small and cause the toe to bend.
  • Callus and Corns
  • Aging and sex (women are more likely to get hammertoe)
  • Injury to the toe
  • Genetics and toe length 

Symptoms of Hammertoe

Some of the most common symptoms are

  • Corns and calluses
  • Pain and inflammation on the affected toe. 
  • Bending of toe


  • Wear proper-fitting shoes
  • Take care of corn or callus
  • Foot exercises
  • Surgery


After these procedures are performed, it is usually necessary for the patient to wear a post-surgical shoe for one to two weeks.